Difference between PCOD and PCOS
Most of the time people use PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) and PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) interchangeably.Here you will know the difference between PCOD and PCOS. This is because both conditions are associated with ovulation, an integral part of the female reproductive system and show similar symptoms. Each woman has two ovaries that make the female hormone and release one egg each month into the uterus. Sometimes the ovary may shed more than one egg. In addition to producing estrogen or hormone, the ovaries produce the mark of androgen or testosterone, which is the male reproductive hormone. Hormonal imbalances in the ovaries can lead to situations like PCOD and PCOS. Although people generally think that both PCOD and PCOS are the same because they are symptomatically the same and are caused by hormone imbalances, in reality, they are somewhat different but slightly different.
What is PCOD?
This is a condition where there is a small follicular cyst due to imbalance of the ovarian hormone. These cysts are actually immature eggs that cannot be ovulated. Hormone imbalances with high insulin levels, dependence on junk food, obesity, stress are thought to be some of the factors that lead to PCOD. Some of the symptoms of this condition are irregular periods, hair fall, abdominal obesity and inability to get pregnant.
In this case, the ovaries grow larger, and estrogen as well as androgens or male reproductive hormones are excreted by them. This condition can be picked up when a woman goes to the ultrasound to examine the causes of irregularities. Although many people think PCOD can interfere with pregnancy, this is not true.It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. This condition does not feel infertile for all women. In about 80 percent of the cases, women can have some help and have a smooth pregnancy.
What is PCOS?
This is worse than PCOD. In this case, at least twelve or more follicular cysts are produced in the ovary every month. The ovary is not released as a result of anovulation and contains high levels of testosterone or androgen stored by the ovary. The hormonal imbalance in PCOS is much higher than in PCOD. However, both are characterized by menstrual cycle, hair fall, obesity and irregularities in pregnancy. Women are challenged with the concept of PCOS due to hormonal irregularities. PCOS also may cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it isn’t treated, over time it can lead to other health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease.
PCOS is a “syndrome,” or group of symptoms that affects the ovaries and ovulation. Its three main features are:
- cysts in the ovaries
- high levels of male hormones
- irregular or skipped periods
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. In PCOS, many small, fluid-filled sacs grow inside the ovaries. The word “polycystic” means “many cysts.”
Some of the symptoms of PCOS include:
- Irregular menstrual cycle. Women with PCOS may miss periods or have fewer periods (fewer than eight in a year). Or, their periods may come every 21 days or more often. Some women with PCOS stop having menstrual periods.
- Too much hair on the face, chin, or parts of the body where men usually have hair. This is called “hirsutism.” Hirsutism affects up to 70% of women with PCOS.3
- Acne on the face, chest, and upper back
- Thinning hair or hair loss on the scalp; male-pattern baldness
- Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
- Darkening of skin, particularly along neck creases, in the groin, and underneath breasts
- Skin tags, which are small excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area
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