Treatments for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
What is PCOS?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition which irregulates a woman’s hormone levels in her body. Women who suffer from PCOS produce higher amount of male hormones. This hormone imbalance leads to irregular menstruation and affects the fertility making it difficult for them to bear a child in womb.
PCOS causes hair growth on face and body, also, baldness. It can contribute to long-term health complications like heart disease and diabetes. However, diabetes drugs and birth control pills could help fix the hormonal imbalance and improve symptoms.
Treatments can help in managing the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and decrease the odds for long-term health risks such as diabetes and cardiac surgery.
You must talk to your doctor about your goals. So that you can customise a treatment plan for PCOS. For instance, if you are having trouble to get pregnant, then your treatment will focus on helping you conceive. If you wish to reduce PCOS caused acne, your treatment will be customised toward skin problems.
How is PCOS diagnosed?
1)Cultivate healthy habits
One of the effective ways to deal with Polycystic Ovary syndrome is to eat nutritious diet and exercise daily.Many women are obese. Losing just 7% of your body weight will reduce some symptoms and make your menstruation regular. It can also help manage problems with ovulation and blood sugar levels.
PCOS may lead to high sugar levels in blood, so your doctor will ask you to reduce starchy or sugary foods. Instead consume foods that have lot of fiber, which help in raising your blood sugar level gradually.
Stay active and exercise regularly.
2) Take Hormones and Medication
Birth control is the common PCOS treatment for women who refuse to get pregnant. Hormonal birth control pills, vaginal ring, a skin patch, shots, or a hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) could help for regular periods. The hormones can treat unwanted hair and acne.
These birth control methods might also reduce your risk of having endometrial cancer, in the lining of uterus. Intake of a hormone called progestin can help get your menstruation back on track. It won’t prevent birth or treat acne and unwanted hair growth. But it can reduce the chance of uterine cancer.
If a healthy diet and regular exercise aren’t enough, medications can help losing weight faster. Different drugs work in different ways. For example, Lorcaserin (Belviq) helps you feel less hungry. Your doctor might prescribe the medication they think will be the most suitable for you.
Weight loss surgery can help if you’re obesity is too severe. And other methods failed.
Products like creams, lotions, and gel, break down the protein structure which causes hair fall.
A process called electrolysis (a method to remove hair strands with the help of an electric current to damage the root) or laser therapy severely destroys hair follicles. You may need several sessions, and some hair may grow, it should be fine and less noticeable.
Your doctor will prescribe medicines to help you conceive. Letrozole and Clomiphene develop steps in the process that boost ovulation. If they fail to work, you should try shots of gonadotropins (hormones).
A surgery named ‘ovarian drilling’ can make your ovaries work better when the medications of ovulation fail. but it’s being done less often than it used to. The doctor carves a small cut in your belly with a tool called “laparoscope” to poke your ovary and removes a small part of it. The procedure regulates your hormone levels and can make it easier for you to ovulate. With vitro fertilization, (IVF), your egg is fertilized outside of the body and then placed back inside your uterus! This can be the best way to get pregnant if you have PCOS, but it is quite expensive.
Visit your doctor if you’ve skipped periods or have experienced other PCOS symptoms like hair growth on your face or body. Also consult a doctor if you’ve been trying to conceive for 12 months or more without success. Lifestyle changes are the first treatments doctors suggest for PCOS, and they usually work well. Weight loss could help treat PCOS symptoms and help you get pregnant. Healthy diet and aerobic exercise are effective ways to lose weight.
Medication is the only option if lifestyle changes fail. Metformin and birth control pills can help restore normal menstrual cycles and reduce PCOS symptoms.
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